World Heritage Consultant
■Test-driving the “Giant Cantilever Crane” during the approaching typhoon
――What was your first impression of Japan when you first visited?
Ms. Brazil：More than anything else, I was surprised at the complexity of the serial nominations for the “Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution,” which has 23 component parts. Careful research and many conversations had to be held to understand the real picture and complex story of each component part.
The first thing I thought strongly was, "How much work is constantly required in the process of inscribing 23 complex component parts on the World Heritage List?" A lot of difficulties were expected. How many meetings and negotiations must be conducted with the parties involved? Will each region gain an understanding of the importance and value of being registered as a component parts of the World Heritage Site? How will support be gained for conservation activities in the future? The weight of these issues was tremendous.
――It must have been a lot of work.
Ms. Brazil：Yes. After all, I went through 23 component parts in just 12 days. By coordinating with parties involved in component parts from multiple perspectives while learning their content and stories. That was my mission, after all.
――At the Nagasaki Shipyard of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., you were forced to board a giant cantilever crane in the midst of strong winds.
Ms. Brazil：That in itself was not difficult at all, though. At that time, it was just before the typhoon. In that sense, it was a valuable opportunity to experience with my own eyes the challenges that Japan is facing—the need to preserve this historical heritage under severe weather conditions.
This time, the schedule was suddenly changed due to a typhoon. The visit to Gunkanjima (Battleship Island) has been moved forward. The next day, I went to the Nagasaki Shipyard. Otherwise, we were worried that the waves would become too rough and we would not be able to return from Gunkanjima. When I got on the crane, there was a very strong wind and it shook greatly. It was certainly a once-in-a-lifetime experience that I was very excited to have had.
――What was your evaluation of the Japanese regime in this assessment?
Ms. Brazil：At this time, as a member of ICOMOS, I visited and evaluated the site from a neutral standpoint and confirmed the existing condition of the site. For example, Gunkanjima. Due to the nature of the location, the condition was very severe. In contrast, the Nirayama Reverberatory Furnace was in very good condition. Due to the nature of the heritage, each component part was naturally in a different situation, so each had to be managed according to its circumstances.
The members who conducted the inspection were a group that investigated technical and historical perspectives. I have compiled an investigation report divided into these two parts: the group I was in charge of investigating the authenticity and integrity, as well as the preservation and management systems of each component part. This report was submitted to ICOMOS separately. Ultimately, ICOMOS put it together and submitted it to the World Heritage Committee. We are only in a position to provide the materials. I do not judge directly. As a member of the latter group and an expert, I have objectively summarized the report.
My impressions are as follows. First, the diversity of this heritage. The story of modern industrialization in Japan depicted in this heritage is very complex and unique. And I was deeply impressed that each component part had evidence (well-grounded evidence). It was different from that of the Industrial Revolution in Britain. I was also impressed by the fact that there are experts in the technical aspects of conservation management in each municipality, such as archaeologists, who carry out conservation activities.
All the members felt relieved and liberated when they successfully made it through the long 12 days. After all, not only it was a tight schedule, but we were also directly hit by a typhoon.
Former Mayor of Omuta City
Archaeologist and Heritage Conservation Specialist
A fellow of the Japan Federation of Engineering Societies
Team Member of the Industrial Project Team Office for the Promotion of World Heritage Listing under Cabinet Secretariat
Governor of Kagoshima Prefecture
Mayor of Hagi City
Mayor of Uki City, Kumamoto Prefecture
The Former Employee of Nippon Steel Corporation
An Associate Professor of the Faculty of Science and Engineering in Iwate University
Chairman of the Tourist Guide Association of Misumi West Port
President of Kuraya Narusawa Co., Ltd.
Chairman of Izunokuni City Tourism Association
Director and General Manager of Gunkanjima Concierge
Producer of the Gunkanjima Digital Museum
Owner at Tōge Chaya
Chairman: Mr. Hidenori Date
President: Mr. Masahiro Date
Proprietor, Houraikan Inn
Representative Director of Egawa Bunko non-profit incorporated foundation
The 42nd head of the Egawa Family
Democratic Party for the People (DPP) Representative for Nagasaki Prefecture
President of the NPO, Way to World Heritage Gunkanjima
MI Consulting Group
President of Watanabe Production Group and Honorary Chair of Watanabe Productions Co., Ltd.
Member of the House of Councillors
World Heritage Consultant
Director and Dean, The Kyushu-Asia Institute of Leadership
Representative Director, SUMIDA, Inc.
Journalist, founder of the Shimomura Mitsuko Ikikata Juku School
Representative, Rally Nippon
Chairman, Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution World Heritage Route Promotion Council Director, National Congress of Industrial Heritage
Representative Director, General Incorporated Foundation National Congress of Industrial Heritage (Advisor, Public Interest Incorporated Foundation Capital Markets Research Institute）
Mayor of Nagasaki City
Policy Director at Heritage Montreal
World Heritage Consultant
Executive Director of Kogakuin University
Heritage Architect and International Consultant
Head of Data Acquisition at The Glasgow School of Art’s School of Simulation and Visualisation
Head of Industrial Heritage, Historic Environment Scotland, Edinburgh
Scottish Ten Project Manager, Historic Environment Scotland, Edinburgh
Mayor of Izunokuni City, Shizuoka Prefecture
Pro-Provost and Chairman of Council of the Royal College of Art. Heritage advisor of Canal & River Trust for England and Wales.
Dean of Tokyo Rissho Junior College
Professor emeritus of Keio University
Mayor of Kitakyushu City
At the 39th session of the World Heritage Committee convened in Bonn, Germany, from June 28 to July 8, 2015, the decision was approved to inscribe the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution on the World Heritage list.
At a celebratory party held to mark the occasion, some of the primary promoters of the project spoke of their joy in achieving their goal and of the trials and tribulations to getting there.
Director and Managing Executive Officer, Hanshin Expressway Company Limited
Member, Board of Directors, National Congress of Industrial Heritage
Vice-Governor of Shizuoka Prefecture
Mayor of Hagi City
Chairman, Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd.
Mayor of Omuta City
Deputy Director-General, Lifelong Learning Policy Bureau, MEXT
Former Counsellor, Cabinet Secretariat
Mayor of Kamaishi City
Member, Board of Directors, National Congress of Industrial Heritage Counselor, Shimadzu Limited
Chairman of the Consortium for the World Heritage Inscription of Modern Industrial Heritage (Kyushu-Yamaguchi) and governor of Kagoshima Prefecture (as of 2015)