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2017.04.18
Vol.18
Blazing a New Trail for Serial Inscription-Format Conservation and Management with the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Training Personnel to Pass on Memory and Understanding as a Major Challenge in the Future

Heritage Architect and International Consultant

Mr. Duncan Marshall
Mr. Duncan Marshall

■The “Strategic Frameworks” by Which Each Component Property Independently Oversees Conservation and Management

――What exactly is the “strategic framework" in the Japanese context?

Ms. Kato: I will explain that point, since it’s a Japanese system. The conservation and management of World Heritage in Japan has up until this point been handled as an extension of the cultural properties regime overseen and supervised by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. Inscription was only possible for historic sites or important cultural properties. This was an approach to conservation in which, when assets appraised as cultural properties and conserved under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties were inscribed as World Heritage with the owners’ assent, the Agency for Cultural Affairs and the property’s home municipality would start by drawing up a comprehensive management plan for the World Heritage site as a whole, and then on this basis formulate a maintenance plan (work plan) for how to conserve the asset that would have been an extension of the conservation approach to historic sites and important cultural properties. In contrast, what we have been working on with the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution is the adoption of a management system set out in the Cabinet Secretariat’s strategic framework. Here, the World Heritage Area is considered to consist of anything that contributes to World Heritage Value, even if it is not designated as a cultural property. Conversely, anything that does not contribute to World Heritage Value is excluded, even designated cultural properties. The World Heritage area delineated so that it encompasses the components that contribute to its value. Accordingly, a CMP is drawn up listing management and conservation rules governing how the administrators of each property are to correctly recognize the attributes that contribute to World Heritage value, and how these are to be managed by the owners and administrators of each property. CMP are drawn up by owners and administrators according to the actual situation of each heritage site. These describe conservation policies in accordance with clearly stipulated rules for determining matters like whether the value of the heritage is being properly conserved, or whether any necessary modifications will not compromise the World Heritage value. This policy has been formulated using the Joint ICOMOS – TICCIH Principles as our conservation philosophy. Moreover, under the supervision of the Cabinet Secretariat and now the Cabinet’s Industrial Heritage Office, district councils have been set up in each community where a component property is located. The participation in these councils of the owners and other property stakeholders (e.g., government, local municipalities, and private industry) creates a mechanism enabling property owners or administrators to consult with the district council in the event of an alteration or similar matter that is not dealt with in the provisions of the CMP. That’s the key difference.

For example, under the conventional cultural property regime, it would have been necessary to obtain permission from the Agency for Cultural Affairs for any change to the current situation, whether this meant placing a single bench on the heritage site or replacing a part necessary to the maintenance and management of a crane. But with this strategic framework, routine maintenance, management, and protection are stipulated in the CMP, and as long as they are covered by the scope what is permissible, things like the placement of a bench or the replacement of a part can be accomplished at the discretion of the owners and administrators.

In the case of active industrial equipment, since this is being used in day-to-day operations, the corporate owner would find it onerous if it were necessary to obtain the government’s permission to replace a single screw when something suddenly broke down. Thus the new scheme could be said to a much more realistic management system for companies. It’s no exaggeration to say that we were only able to realize the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution by the serial nomination format thanks to having achieved such a management system

――Could this framework be described as a new mindset or management model – one might call the “Australian System”?

Mr. Marshall: What’s important is that the management of the individual components has to be carried out consistently across the whole series. While the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution are made up of twenty-three component properties, as World Heritage it is a single connected heritage site. Therefore, rather than each component property being managed separately, the whole must be managed in a connected fashion. In that sense, our experience and the lessons we learned in Australia may have been helpful.

Ms. Kato: Earlier, before we introduced the system, I was worried about the idea. When I visited Mr. Rao, Director General at the UNESCO World Heritage Center and asked whether the introduction of such a system might pose an issue for World Heritage conservation, I learned that this kind of management system had been widely introduced for serial inscriptions in countries other than Japan and was in fact commonplace. In fact, I was told that Japan was the only country that hadn’t adopted such a management system.

Mr. Marshall: Certainly there’s a growing trend in World Heritage toward inscriptions using this serial format. In the past, sites were inscribed as single entities, as with the Statue of Liberty in New York, but in recent years the inscription of heritage clusters scattered over a large area has also been becoming more prominent. In such cases, you will also need a connected management system.

――Listening to your explanation, that certainly seems like a very realistic and rational conservation and management system.

Marshall: That’s what I’d like it to be. What’s important is a “flexible and effective” approach to conservation and management. No matter how complex or detailed your Conservation Management Plan is, it means nothing if it won’t actually work. This is especially important with reference to the management of World Heritage.

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Vol.50
What is the secret plan to make the Port of Miike, an operational asset of a World Heritage site?

Former Mayor of Omuta City

Mr. Michio Koga
Vol. 49
Why Conservation Management of Japan's Meiji Industrial Sites is needed?

Archaeologist and Heritage Conservation Specialist

Dr. Michael Pearson AO
Vol.48
The Truth of Industrial History Unraveled from the Perspective of Metallurgy: the Mission of the Heritage of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution is to Pass on the Intelligence, Diligence, and Fortitude of the Japanese People to Future Generations

A fellow of the Japan Federation of Engineering Societies

Professor Tadahiro Inazumi
Vol.47
The Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution is a Great Teaching Aid, and Various World Revealed by Looking Into It

Team Member of the Industrial Project Team Office for the Promotion of World Heritage Listing under Cabinet Secretariat

Mr. Kazuhiko Suga
Vol.46
The History of Iron that Began in Kagoshima has Dramatically Advanced Japan's Modernization~I Want to Pass on the Vitality of the People of Satsuma to the Younger Generations Whom Will Live in the Future~

Governor of Kagoshima Prefecture

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Vol.45
Yoshida Shoin preached the Theory of Engineering Education and produced the Choshu Five who risked their lives to go to England--to pass on the proud Hagi spirit to future generations

Mayor of Hagi City

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Vol.44
I wish to pass on to my children's generation the wisdom, technology, and energy of our ancestors who built Misumi West Port - I will do my very best to do what I can at this moment by looking ahead to the future that will surely come after COVID-19.

Mayor of Uki City, Kumamoto Prefecture

Mr. Kenshi Morita
Vol. 43
An Imperial Company named the Yawata Steel Works became a World Heritage Site from a Single Old Photo!

The Former Employee of Nippon Steel Corporation

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Vol.42
We would like to Establish a "New Local Studies" that will be transmitted to the Outside World.

An Associate Professor of the Faculty of Science and Engineering in Iwate University

Mr. Hideki Onodera
Vol.41
18 Years History of a Tourist Guide Business and an Outpouring of "Love for Misumi West Port." ~"Registration for World Heritage is Not Simply a Goal, but a New Starting Point."~

Chairman of the Tourist Guide Association of Misumi West Port

Mr. Manpo Saito
Vol.40
To Mark the Passage of "Time" Together with Nirayama Reverberatory Furnace ~To increase the attractiveness of "reverberatory furnace tourism" through the use of commercial museum and restaurant business~

President of Kuraya Narusawa Co., Ltd.

Chairman of Izunokuni City Tourism Association

Mr. Hironori Inamura
Vol.39
The Establishment of the Gunkanjima Digital Museum Were Led by Fate: I want to start, continue, and finish what I can do to convey the value of the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution to a wide audience

Director and General Manager of Gunkanjima Concierge

Producer of the Gunkanjima Digital Museum

Ms. Yuko Kuon
Vol.38
In Industrial Heritage, It's the "People" Who Play the Central Role: How World Heritage Inscription Casts a Fresh Light on Hometown Splendors

Owner at Tōge Chaya

Ms. Shizuko Ogasawara
Vol.37
Everything is for the Economic Development of Nagasaki--Expanding Beyond the Shipping Business to Pass on Nagasaki's Culture and Industrial Heritage

Chairman: Mr. Hidenori Date
President: Mr. Masahiro Date

Yamasa Kaiun Co., Ltd.
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Kamaishi's "Miracles" and Overcoming Disaster: The Huge Opportunity Provided by World Heritage Site Inscription

Proprietor, Houraikan Inn

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Vol.35
"850 years of historical records" along with Nirayama reverberatory furnace that ought to be passed down to future generations. ~The long-awaited new storage warehouse is completed and it has encouraged preservation, restoration, and utilization~

Representative Director of Egawa Bunko non-profit incorporated foundation

The 42nd head of the Egawa Family

Mr. Hiroshi Egawa
Vol.34
The History of an Era Opened by an Indomitable Pioneering Spirit and the Power of Our Forefathers

Democratic Party for the People (DPP) Representative for Nagasaki Prefecture

Mr. Yoshiaki Takaki
Vol.33
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Vol.32
Synchronicity Yields the Miracle of World Heritage Site Inscription: Strong Aspirations Inspire Support among Like-Minded Individuals

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Vol.31
Power to the People of Japan The Mission of Meiji Japan's Industrial Revolutionary Heritage

President of Watanabe Production Group and Honorary Chair of Watanabe Productions Co., Ltd.

Ms. Misa Watanabe
Vol.30
Turning Our Industrial Heritage into Hope for Those 100 Years From Now

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Mr.Tatsuo Hirano
Vol.29
Calling on 21st Century Satsuma Students to Build the Future! Shuseikan Serves as a Source of Information about Sightseeing in Kagoshima

Governor
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Vol.28
Awareness of "Stories with Connections" is steadily spreading throughout each region~There are also challenges for conservation management and interpretation~

World Heritage Consultant

Ms. Sarah Jane Brazil
Vol.27
Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way: Connecting with People Takes Courage and Initiative

Director and Dean, The Kyushu-Asia Institute of Leadership
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Mr. Koichi Hashida
Vol.26
Taking Pride in Japan's Latest World Heritage Sites~A Journalist's Perspective~

Journalist, founder of the Shimomura Mitsuko Ikikata Juku School

Ms. Mitsuko Shimomura
Vol.25
Classic Cars and the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution~Rally Nippon 2019 in Kyushu~

Representative, Rally Nippon

Mr.Yusuke Kobayashi
Vol.24
Preparations Proceed for the Development of Exciting Touring Routes to See the World Heritage Sites - The Promotion Council Conveys their Attractions to the World through Various Promotions!

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Mr. Susumu Ishihara
Vol.23
Giving Greater Force to the Preparation of Routes toward Promoting "Heritage Tourism" - Recollections of the Unforgettable Bombing of Hometown Kure City and the Hiroshima Atomic Bomb

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Vol.22
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Vol.21
"The World's Experimental Facility" that Questions of the True Value of the "ICOMOS-TICCIH Cooperative Principles" New Conservation Challenges Promoted by the Japanese Government

Policy Director at Heritage Montreal

Mr. Dinu Bumbaru
Vol.20
Days of Heated Argument with the Unforgettable Stuart Smith~A Cross-Cultural Encounter with Familiar 19th-Century Industrial Heritage~

World Heritage Consultant

Mr. Barry Gamble
Vol.19
The next generation of technological innovation is born from carrying forward history and culture. - Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution open the way to "conserving while using"

Executive Director of Kogakuin University

Dr.Osamu Goto
Vol.18
Blazing a New Trail for Serial Inscription-Format Conservation and Management with the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Training Personnel to Pass on Memory and Understanding as a Major Challenge in the Future

Heritage Architect and International Consultant

Mr. Duncan Marshall
Vol.17
3D Digital Documentation of the Giant Cantilever Crane and Kosuge Dock

Head of Data Acquisition at The Glasgow School of Art’s School of Simulation and Visualisation

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Head of Industrial Heritage, Historic Environment Scotland, Edinburgh

Dr. Miles Oglethorpe
Vol.15
The Scottish Ten Project

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Vol.14
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Vol.13
Path to becoming a World Heritage Site

Pro-Provost and Chairman of Council of the Royal College of Art. Heritage advisor of Canal & River Trust for England and Wales.

Sir Neil Cossons
Vol.12
In the midst of accurate information dissemination, it created a chance to truly look at history

Dean of Tokyo Rissho Junior College

Professor emeritus of Keio University

Dr. Kudo Norikazu
No.11
World Heritage Inscription Spurs Renewed Civic Pride in Kitakyushu's Industrial Heritage

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Vol.10
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At a celebratory party held to mark the occasion, some of the primary promoters of the project spoke of their joy in achieving their goal and of the trials and tribulations to getting there.

Background of World Heritage Inscription
Vol.9
Conserve and Use: Pioneering New Approaches for Operational Heritage Assets

Director and Managing Executive Officer, Hanshin Expressway Company Limited

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Mr. Hiroshi Okamoto
Vol.8
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Mr. Takashi Namba
Vol.7
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Mr. Koji Nomura
Vol.6
The Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: The Roots of Japanese Craftsmanship and Industry

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Mr.Masafumi Yasutomi
Vol.5
The Miike Area: How Coal Contributed to Japan's Modern Industrialization

Mayor of Omuta City

Mr.Michio Koga
Vol.4
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Mr. Kengo Iwamoto
Vol.3
From Kamaishi to Yawata: The Proud Heritage of Japan's Modern Iron Industry

Mayor of Kamaishi City

Mr.Takenori Noda
Vol.2
Lord Nariakira Shimadzu's Shuseikan and the Efforts to Build a Strong and Affluent Nation

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Mr.Kimiyasu Shimadzu
Vol.1
The Genesis of Japan's Rise as an Industrial Nation: Preserving the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution for Future Generations

Chairman of the Consortium for the World Heritage Inscription of Modern Industrial Heritage (Kyushu-Yamaguchi) and governor of Kagoshima Prefecture (as of 2015)

Mr.Yuichiro Ito