JAPANESE  ENGLISH

PEOPLE

2017.04.18
Vol.18

Blazing a New Trail for Serial Inscription-Format Conservation and Management with the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Training Personnel to Pass on Memory and Understanding as a Major Challenge in the Future

Mr. Duncan Marshall

Heritage Architect and International Consultant

Mr. Duncan Marshall
PROFILE

Duncan Marshall is a heritage architect and international consultant with a special involvement in World Heritage. He was the coordinating author for the UNESCO resource manual on World Heritage nominations, and has for many years been the ICOMOS representative and lead resource person at an annual international World Heritage training program run by UNITAR in Hiroshima. He has also assisted with a range of other World Heritage training activities. Duncan has advised about World Heritage nominations in a range of countries including Australia, India, Japan, Laos and Myanmar. Within Australia, Duncan was formerly the Chair of the ACT Heritage Council and in 2015 was awarded the inaugural Bathurst Macquarie Heritage Medal for his national contribution.

Duncan Marshall, a specialist in the conservation of Australia’s historic heritage as well as one of the overseas experts who devoted his services to getting Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, visited Japan in March 2017. The principal reason for this visit was to provide advice, together with Dr. Michael Pearson (another overseas expert) on future conservation and management in connection with this heritage based on the Cabinet Secretariat’s Strategic Framework for Conservation and Management. We took this opportunity to interview Mr. Marshall once more about the value of the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution and the challenges that lie ahead for their conservation and management. This interview was conducted through an interpreter on March 28, 2017, in Tokyo in the company of Ms. Koko Kato, the managing director of the National Congress of Industrial Heritage.

――To begin, how did you come to be involved with Meiji Japan’s Industrial Revolution?

Mr. Marshall: Initially, I was asked by my old friend and colleague Dr. Michael Pearson to help out with the project. My role was to provide advice from a professional standpoint on the formulation of a Conservation Management Plan (CMP). Actually, this was several years before submitting a nomination to UNESCO.

In addition to that, I had been involved in World Heritage conservation and management training at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) office in Hiroshima, and had been to Japan many times. So I think my familiarity with Japan was another big reason.

――When exactly did you receive the invitation from Dr. Pearson?

Mr. Marshall: I think Michael had already been involved in the project for about nine years, we’ve been friends for many years, in part because his house is close to mine, so I’d been hearing him talk about it often from the beginning. So I knew the project quite well even before I became directly involved.

――What were your initial impressions when you heard him talk about the project for the first time?

Mr. Marshall: I was quite interested. Because in Japan, before that, although applications for inscription as World Heritage had often been submitted for old temples and other cultural heritage, the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution were a completely different type of heritage. Everyone knows that Japan is a modern industrial state, but this story, which focuses on the period of transition when Japan began taking its first steps toward modernization and industrialization is not well known to the rest of the world. So I thought that point was very interesting, in particular.

――Is this type of modern or industrial heritage unusual, globally?

Mr. Marshall: I’m not an expert on industrial heritage myself, but although I’ve heard from experts in Japan and overseas that a lot of industrial heritage survives worldwide, I rate the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution as being very important because of the surviving evidence. For example, several of the heritage clusters retain the technologies that were actually used in the Meiji period. These could be said to be important even in worldwide perspective.

Another notable feature of this heritage is the fact that there is a large number of component properties and spread over a wide area. The attempt to tell the sweeping story of modern Japan’s industrialization in as many as twenty-three component properties is quite unique.

――Would you say that the World Heritage inscription of this industrial heritage by a serial nomination format is in itself a testament to its high value in world history?

Mr. Marshall: Yes.

Backnumber>ALL
Vol. 49
Why Conservation Management of Japan's Meiji Industrial Sites is needed?

Archaeologist and Heritage Conservation Specialist

Dr. Michael Pearson AO
Vol.48
The Truth of Industrial History Unraveled from the Perspective of Metallurgy: the Mission of the Heritage of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution is to Pass on the Intelligence, Diligence, and Fortitude of the Japanese People to Future Generations

A fellow of the Japan Federation of Engineering Societies

Professor Tadahiro Inazumi
Vol.47
The Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution is a Great Teaching Aid, and Various World Revealed by Looking Into It

Team Member of the Industrial Project Team Office for the Promotion of World Heritage Listing under Cabinet Secretariat

Mr. Kazuhiko Suga
Vol.46
The History of Iron that Began in Kagoshima has Dramatically Advanced Japan's Modernization~I Want to Pass on the Vitality of the People of Satsuma to the Younger Generations Whom Will Live in the Future~

Governor of Kagoshima Prefecture

Koichi Shiota
Vol.45
Yoshida Shoin preached the Theory of Engineering Education and produced the Choshu Five who risked their lives to go to England--to pass on the proud Hagi spirit to future generations

Mayor of Hagi City

Mr. Fumio Tanaka
Vol.44
I wish to pass on to my children's generation the wisdom, technology, and energy of our ancestors who built Misumi West Port - I will do my very best to do what I can at this moment by looking ahead to the future that will surely come after COVID-19.

Mayor of Uki City, Kumamoto Prefecture

Mr. Kenshi Morita
Vol. 43
An Imperial Company named the Yawata Steel Works became a World Heritage Site from a Single Old Photo!

The Former Employee of Nippon Steel Corporation

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We would like to Establish a "New Local Studies" that will be transmitted to the Outside World.

An Associate Professor of the Faculty of Science and Engineering in Iwate University

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President of Kuraya Narusawa Co., Ltd.

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Vol.39
The Establishment of the Gunkanjima Digital Museum Were Led by Fate: I want to start, continue, and finish what I can do to convey the value of the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution to a wide audience

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Chairman: Mr. Hidenori Date
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Representative Director of Egawa Bunko non-profit incorporated foundation

The 42nd head of the Egawa Family

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Democratic Party for the People (DPP) Representative for Nagasaki Prefecture

Mr. Yoshiaki Takaki
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President of the NPO, Way to World Heritage Gunkanjima

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President of Watanabe Production Group and Honorary Chair of Watanabe Productions Co., Ltd.

Ms. Misa Watanabe
Vol.30
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Member of the House of Councillors

Mr.Tatsuo Hirano
Vol.29
Calling on 21st Century Satsuma Students to Build the Future! Shuseikan Serves as a Source of Information about Sightseeing in Kagoshima

Governor
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Mr. Satoshi Mitazono
Vol.28
Awareness of "Stories with Connections" is steadily spreading throughout each region~There are also challenges for conservation management and interpretation~

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Ms. Sarah Jane Brazil
Vol.27
Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way: Connecting with People Takes Courage and Initiative

Director and Dean, The Kyushu-Asia Institute of Leadership
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Mr. Koichi Hashida
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Taking Pride in Japan's Latest World Heritage Sites~A Journalist's Perspective~

Journalist, founder of the Shimomura Mitsuko Ikikata Juku School

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Classic Cars and the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution~Rally Nippon 2019 in Kyushu~

Representative, Rally Nippon

Mr.Yusuke Kobayashi
Vol.24
Preparations Proceed for the Development of Exciting Touring Routes to See the World Heritage Sites - The Promotion Council Conveys their Attractions to the World through Various Promotions!

Chairman, Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution World Heritage Route Promotion Council Director, National Congress of Industrial Heritage

Mr. Susumu Ishihara
Vol.23
Giving Greater Force to the Preparation of Routes toward Promoting "Heritage Tourism" - Recollections of the Unforgettable Bombing of Hometown Kure City and the Hiroshima Atomic Bomb

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Mayor of Nagasaki City

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Vol.21
"The World's Experimental Facility" that Questions of the True Value of the "ICOMOS-TICCIH Cooperative Principles" New Conservation Challenges Promoted by the Japanese Government

Policy Director at Heritage Montreal

Mr. Dinu Bumbaru
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Days of Heated Argument with the Unforgettable Stuart Smith~A Cross-Cultural Encounter with Familiar 19th-Century Industrial Heritage~

World Heritage Consultant

Mr. Barry Gamble
Vol.19
The next generation of technological innovation is born from carrying forward history and culture. - Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution open the way to "conserving while using"

Executive Director of Kogakuin University

Dr.Osamu Goto
Vol.18
Blazing a New Trail for Serial Inscription-Format Conservation and Management with the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Training Personnel to Pass on Memory and Understanding as a Major Challenge in the Future

Heritage Architect and International Consultant

Mr. Duncan Marshall
Vol.17
3D Digital Documentation of the Giant Cantilever Crane and Kosuge Dock

Head of Data Acquisition at The Glasgow School of Art’s School of Simulation and Visualisation

Mr. Alastair Rawlinson
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Head of Industrial Heritage, Historic Environment Scotland, Edinburgh

Dr. Miles Oglethorpe
Vol.15
The Scottish Ten Project

Scottish Ten Project Manager, Historic Environment Scotland, Edinburgh

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Vol.14
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Sir Neil Cossons
Vol.12
In the midst of accurate information dissemination, it created a chance to truly look at history

Dean of Tokyo Rissho Junior College

Professor emeritus of Keio University

Dr. Kudo Norikazu
No.11
World Heritage Inscription Spurs Renewed Civic Pride in Kitakyushu's Industrial Heritage

Mayor of Kitakyushu City

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Vol.10
World Heritage Inscription: Report on the 2015 Celebratory Party Held in Bonn, Germany

At the 39th session of the World Heritage Committee convened in Bonn, Germany, from June 28 to July 8, 2015, the decision was approved to inscribe the Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution on the World Heritage list.

At a celebratory party held to mark the occasion, some of the primary promoters of the project spoke of their joy in achieving their goal and of the trials and tribulations to getting there.

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Vol.9
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Director and Managing Executive Officer, Hanshin Expressway Company Limited

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Mr. Hiroshi Okamoto
Vol.8
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Mayor of Hagi City

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Vol.6
The Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: The Roots of Japanese Craftsmanship and Industry

Chairman, Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd.

Mr.Masafumi Yasutomi
Vol.5
The Miike Area: How Coal Contributed to Japan's Modern Industrialization

Mayor of Omuta City

Mr.Michio Koga
Vol.4
The Meiji Industrial Revolution: A Story of Broad Vision and a Strong Sense of Mission to Undertake New Challenges for the Good of the Nation and its People

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Mr. Kengo Iwamoto
Vol.3
From Kamaishi to Yawata: The Proud Heritage of Japan's Modern Iron Industry

Mayor of Kamaishi City

Mr.Takenori Noda
Vol.2
Lord Nariakira Shimadzu's Shuseikan and the Efforts to Build a Strong and Affluent Nation

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The Genesis of Japan's Rise as an Industrial Nation: Preserving the Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution for Future Generations

Chairman of the Consortium for the World Heritage Inscription of Modern Industrial Heritage (Kyushu-Yamaguchi) and governor of Kagoshima Prefecture (as of 2015)

Mr.Yuichiro Ito